HD Notebook

The Federal Department of Absurd

Date: 
Fri, 04/11/2014

FDA wants to make it tougher to feed brewers grains.

by Dennis Halladay, Hoard’s Dairyman Western Editor

cowThe Federal Department of Absurd – er, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) – is an entity that regularly seems to defy common sense and logic. This is yet another example:

Smoking is a proven cause of cancer and other diseases. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says it causes nearly 500,000 deaths in the U.S. each year. But is growing and selling tobacco illegal?

Brewers grains, a byproduct of making beer and other alcoholic beverages, are a high-quality source of protein that has been fed to cattle for centuries. Inclusion rates of up to 50 percent are seen in feedlot rations today. Cows love brewers grains and dairies that are lucky enough to have a supply swear by them. Read more

Calves require cleanliness

Date: 
Thu, 04/10/2014

When colostrum is bacteria-laden, we do more harm than good.

by Amanda Smith, Hoard’s Dairyman Associate Editor

calfWe’ve been indoctrinated with the five C’s to give calves their best possible start. Colostrum tops this list, followed by calories, cleanliness, comfort and consistency. Despite the order we’ve all been taught, colostrum and cleanliness must go hand in hand.

Even colostrum feeding has its own mantra, noted Bob James in a recent Dairy Pipeline.

  • We must feed high-quality colostrum. Levels exceeding 50 grams of IgG per liter are considered good. On a Brix refractometer, values exceeding 22 indicates good quality colostrum.
  • Feed enough colostrum and feed it early. It is often recommended that the calf receive 4 liters of colostrum in the 12 hours after birth. This provides approximately 200 grams of IgG.

Say cheese for National Grilled Cheese Month

Date: 
Wed, 04/09/2014

This dairy-based food has enjoyed a steady climb in popularity.

By Patti Hurtgen, Hoard’s Dairyman Online Media Manager

making grilled cheese April is National Grilled Cheese Month. Just the thought of warm melting cheese on hot buttered toast stimulates the taste buds. Delighted customers foster the continued consumption of dairy products.

While America produces a lot of cheese, its citizens also consume plenty. According to the Dairy Facts 2013 Edition, Americans eat 33.6 pounds of cheese per person per year. That trails only the eating habits of the European Union with 36.7 pounds. The U.S. does not rely strictly on U.S.-made cheese as it imports 154,000 metric tons of cheese annually. We are the third largest importer of cheese, behind Russia and Japan. Read more

What genomics can do for you

Date: 
Tue, 04/08/2014

From parentage verification to culling decisions, genomic testing can serve a variety of purposes on-farm.

by Abby Bauer, Hoard’s Dairyman Associate Editor

heifer“SNP chips are information powerhouses,” says Tami Smith with Neogen Corporation. Smith addressed the audience at the Dairy Calf and Heifer Association’s annual conference last week.

A SNP (pronounced snip) is short for single-nucleotide polymorphism, or a genetic variation in DNA due to the sequence of nucleotides. Through genomic testing, we can learn more about these differences and the genetic make-up of an individual animal.

There are four main ways to use genomics on the farm, Smith said. One is to confirm parentage. She has seen farms with 2 to 3 percent of animals misidentified, all the way up to 40 percent. “Genomics can help clarify that,” she noted. Read more

Hoard’s Dairyman classifieds, the original farmersonly.com

Date: 
Mon, 04/07/2014

The Scheiderers found true love through The National Dairy Farm Magazine

by Ali Enerson, Hoard’s Dairyman Special Publications Editor

Renae Konkler Scheiderer always read the personal classifieds in her dad’s Hoard’s Dairyman for giggles. However, in the April 25, 2000, issue, one ad caught her eye. Al Scheiderer had given his email address in that ad, and Renae emailed him.

From that first email, Al and Renae found out they both lived in Ohio, only 2-1/2 hours apart. After two weeks of emailing back and forth, they set a first date. Their dinner and movie date happened the Sunday before Memorial Day. Al asked Renae back for a second date the following day to the State Jersey Sale, and she agreed.

Al and Renae saw each other on the weekends, and they would go out after the cows were milked. “I should have known what I was getting into then!” says Renae. They would chat on MSN Messenger every evening while they dated. Read more

A no-brainer dairy investment

Date: 
Fri, 04/04/2014

Dry pen and hospital pen cooling pay benefits forever.

by Dennis Halladay, Hoard’s Dairyman Western Editor

Record milk prices give milk producers a financial opportunity that is simply too good to ignore – dry pen and hospital pen cooling.

They’re no-brainer investments whose benefits touch every area of the dairy, from the calving pen to the milking parlor to the calf area to the culling list. In those areas and others, they pay for themselves over and over forever.

Geoffrey DahlResearch evidence to back up this statement is beyond compelling, as Geoffrey Dahl (pictured), chairman of the department of animal sciences at the University of Florida, explained at five stops in the just-concluded Dairy Heat Stress Road Show. Seminar stops were made in Puerto Rico, Florida, Texas, Arizona and California. Read more

Fine-tune your fresh cow checklist

Date: 
Thu, 04/03/2014

Rumen fill must be prioritized when observing cows in lock-up.

by Amanda Smith, Hoard’s Dairyman Associate Editor

If you were raised on a tie stall dairy, you quickly learned that a cow’s appetite dropped well before her milk yield showed signs of slowing. As our industry has transitioned from this one-on-one setup, our focus, too, has shifted toward milk yield deviations to alert us to potential problems. “We need to find sick cows before milk yield drops. If we wait for this trigger, we are two to three days behind the illness curve,” Gary Oetzel, UW-Madison, noted at the Professional Dairy Producers of Wisconsin’s annual meeting in early March. Read more

Food security is a global issue

Date: 
Wed, 04/02/2014

Will there be enough is the question

by Patti Hurtgen, Hoard’s Dairyman Online Media Manager

The Enough MovementI recently read a report on “The Enough Movement” and thought I would share its findings. It addresses world hunger and looks at not only food quantity, but quality. Read more

Focus more on the postfresh diet

Date: 
Tue, 04/01/2014

Make every mouthful count when feeding postpartum cows to fill their energy and protein needs.

postfresh cows

by Abby Bauer, Hoard’s Dairyman Associate Editor

Transition cow diets have been the focus of considerable research the last few decades. However, 90 percent of that research has been done on dry cow or prefresh rations, says Ric Grummer, University of Wisconsin-Madison professor emeritus and current ruminant technical director at Balchem.

“Maybe we have missed the boat by not putting the emphasis on the postfresh cow,” Grummer noted in his presentation at the Professional Dairy Producers of Wisconsin’s Transition Cow Workshop last week. “In reality, it is easy to meet the energy requirement of a dry cow,” he said. Read more

There’s more to breeding Red and Whites than we thought

Date: 
Mon, 03/31/2014

In addition to the traditional red carrier gene, Black-Red, wild type and dominant red have all entered the equation.

by Corey A. Geiger, Hoard’s Dairyman Managing Editor

Red and White cow
Most of us grew up being taught that there was one gene and two alleles involved in the coat color of our Holsteins . . . with the black allele being dominant over the recessive red allele. To determine the odds of getting a Red and White Holstein (two recessive red alleles coming together), we would use a tool called a Punnett Square and follow the Mendelian inheritance of those alleles. Those were simpler times. Today’s students, both young and old, have a bit more of a challenge than we did to understand the genetics of coat color in today’s Holsteins.

Let’s review the traditional breeding of Red and Whites involving simple recessives: Read more

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